Savonnerie and Aubusson Rugs

The Renaissance is a period in European history between the 1300s and 1500s marked by a revival of classical art, architecture, literature and learning.  It was during this time that both Savonnerie and Aubusson rugs emerged and grew in popularity in the palaces of royalty and mansions of aristocrats throughout Europe.

Savonnerie and Aubusson rugs share many characteristics including:

– Having the honor of being among the most important styles of rugs in Europe in the 17th and 18th centuries
– Originally being hand-woven
– Copying Baroque and Rococo floral and coloring styles of the 1600s and 1700s
– Influencing Spanish rug weavers in the 18th and 19th centuries

However, Savonnerie & Aubusson rugs also have some key differences that distinguish them from each other.  Savonnerie rugs were most prominent between 1650 and 1789 and were:

– Primarily custom woven for palaces by special order
– Designed and produced under the direction of artists of the royal courts
– Woven with naturalistic floral motifs, coats of arms and heraldic devices, and some architectural images
– Largely found on the elegant ceilings of the rooms for which they were ordered

Aubusson rugs, on the other hand:

– Emerged in 1665 from Aubusson France
– Originally copied Turkish styles
– Later designs were simpler versions of Savonnerie styles
– Depicted floral medallions surrounded by naturalistic floral and some architectural motifs

Today, Savonnerie and Aubusson rug styles are copied and produced in India, Pakistan and China.  However, the look and feel of both these reproductions has been preserved in order to keep the original Renaissance designs alive for people to continue to enjoy.

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